It has been found that lot of students prepare upsc exam without knowing the upsc syllabus. This is one of the biggest mistakes they are making in ias exam preparation.
Imagine you are reading so many books , spending 10-12 hours in a day but when you come to know whatever you read, studies was not a part of actual syllabus which is published by UPSC !
It will be heart breaking that most of your hard work will not get you good marks in the exam.
But I am sure that you are one of the aware aspirants who wants to confirm the upsc syllabus before jumping in the exam preparation.
Today I am going to tell you each and everything about UPSC Syllabus in details. It will take hardly 10 minutes to complete for you and I believe that you will not search upsc syllabus after reading this article.
Before we move ahead, let us have a look what are the topics we are going to cover in this articles…
- UPSC Full from-
- IAS Full Form-
- IPS Full Form-
- UPSC Exam pattern-
- UPSC Prelims Syllabus-
- UPSC CSAT Syllabus
- UPSC Mains Syllabus-
- UPSC Interview Syllabus-
- UPSC Preparation Books-
- How To Apply for UPSC Exam-
UPSC Full form-
UPSC which stands for Union Public Service Commission is a government body who is responsible for conducting various exams for group A & B posts in India.
The list of exams conducted by UPSC every year is mentioned below. Lets have a look.
|I.E.S||Engineering Services||Civil Services|
|CDS-I||N.D.A. & N.A. (I)||Indian Forest Service|
|CISF(AC)||Combined Medical Services||Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist|
|CDS-II||N.D.A. & N.A. (II)||S.O./Steno (GD-B/GD-I) LDCE|
Today we will talk about Civil service exam and its syllabus. Civil service exam is further expanded into IAS, IPS,IRS etc post. The Syllabus for all the posts under Civil Service is same.
IAS Full Form-IAS stands for Indian administrative Service which is one of the most prestigious government service in India.
Survey says than more than one million aspirants apply for this post from all part of the nation.
The popularity for IAS is huge even if the success ration is very low in this exam. The highest Government post in the country are occupied by IAS officer.
Once you clear IAS, you get opportunity to serve in various government department in top positions.
Full Form Of IPS-Indian Police Service which in short called IPS. IPS officer are the second highest ranker in the UPSC exam after IAS. IPS officer head police department, CBI, Intelligence, IB Etc.
AS an IPS officer you get chance to serve in various domain of the government in different-different positions.
The career of an IPS officer is very bright thats why more and more people wants to join IPS service In India.
At the same time IPS job is very challenging because they have to deal with the criminal, anti-social elements of the society. They are responsible to maintain law and order in our country.
UPSC Exam Pattern-
Before we jump into the UPSC syllabus details, let me remind you the latest upsc exam pattern and exam papers details. if you are new student then it may help you a lot.
As per upsc exam pattern, you have to go through three exam process which are known as Prelims, Mains & Interview.
To clear this exam you must clear each stage individually with high marks ( your score must be under cut-off line).
The First paper you are going to face is called Prelims which has two papers. Paper one is called General Studies paper & paper two is called CSAT. The details of Prelims exam is given below-
|General Studies||100||200||2 Hrs|
Here are some of the important points about Prelims Papers-
- All the papers are objective in nature. You have to tick the right answer out of 4 possible given answers.
- You can not choose 2 answer for one question in the papers.
- Negative marking is applicable for both the papers.
- Prelims paper one( General Studies ) is only counted for Prelims Merit.
- CSAT Paper will be qualifying in nature means you have to score minimum 33.3 % mark to qualify it. CSAT marks will not be counted for prelims merit.( Important)
- Both the papers will be held on same day. ( Morning & Afternoon ).
Prelims Paper Syllabus-
Prelims Paper cover wide range of topics which are history, geography, science, technology, current events, polity etc.
We have made a comprehensive list of topics of prelims paper syllabus in details. So lets explore it.
|General Studies Paper||
Current events of national and international importacce.
History of India and Indian National Movement.
Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues,.
Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development,Poverty,Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and ClimatChange – that do not require subject specialization.
Download Prelims Paper- Download
How To Approach Prelims Paper-(I)-
- Prelims is the gateway of upsc exam, once you clear this stage then only you get chance to write mains.
- The question in prelims exam are different than in mains exam. In prelims exam upsc ask more factual and data related questions.
- Most of the question in prelims are asked from its syllabus only. If you have prepared its syllabus well, you can easily score high marks in this paper.
- Now a days UPSC is asking more current affairs question, so reading newspaper daily is helpful.
- NCERT books are very helpful in prelims & mains exam, You can read NCERT from class 6th to 12th ( if possible) otherwise read from 9th to 12th before exam
- You can make notes of NCERT or highlight the important lines for later revision.
- Reading so many book in upsc exam only increase extra work,so read only those books which covers ups syllabus.
- Reading more than 2 books for one subject is not recommended, do only if you have enough time to prepare for.
CSAT Paper Syllabus-
CSAT is the second paper of prelims exam which carry 200 marks and its marks are qualifying in nature. Negative marking is also applicable in this paper too.
Marks of CSAT are not counted for prelims merit so need to score minimum qualifying marks in this papers which are 33% as of now.
Prelims paper merit will be based on the prelims paper 1 which is general studies paper.
Its time to know the subject and topics covered in the CSAT paper which is also know as reasoning paper too. Lets explore it-
Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
Decision-making and problem-solving.
General mental ability.
Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.
How To Approach CSAT Paper-
- CSAT paper is qualifying in nature and many people do not pay attention to it specially science background). Sometimes they fail CSAT and even if scoring above cut-off in Paper-(I).
- Always give adequate time to CSAT paper based on your strength and knowledge.
- The best way of Preparation CSAT paper is to practice question again and again from any good CSAT Book.
- Practicing CSAT question paper will help you this paper easily.
Download CSAT Paper Here-Download
Get all the books for Prelims Exam (General Studies & CSAT)- Click Here
UPSC Mains Syllabus-
Once you clear Prelims exam, you get entry in mains. Previous year data show that more than 5 lakh aspirants attempt prelims exam and only around 12000 able to get ticket of Mains.
So you are very fortunate that you got chance to write mains exam. lets move ahead with papers details.
UPSC mains has 9 Papers and each paper, 2 out of 9 papers are qualifying in nature ( like CSAT in prelims ). These papers are Indian Language & English paper.
Note– If you scored high marks in every papers but not able to score qualifying marks in these two language paper, you will not able to clear mains exam. Even if you topped in all other papers.
So Qualifying papers are equally important for exam point of view. Now you have to clear all the papers individually as you did in Prelims exam. Rest 7 papers marks will be counted for Mains Merit.
Those who will score high in the mains exam or above mains cut-off, will be called for Interview. Lets have a look on the Mains papers in details-
|4||General Studies -I||250|
|5||General Studies -II||250|
|7||General Studies -IV||250|
As we can see UPSC mains has 9 papers and all the 9 papers are subjective in nature.
Indian language and English paper marks will now be counted for final merit. Rest 7 papers including optional marks will be counted for mains merit.
Remember few points before you write mains exam-
- UPSC mains has 9 papers and all papers are subjective in nature.
- No negative marking is applicable in mains exam.
- You can write mains exam in the language you mentioned in your form.
- You have to write answer in the given word limit to score good marks in the mains exam.
- Make sure you have done enough writing practice before you actually write the mains exam so that you can attempt all the questions in the exam.
UPSC ESSAY Syllabus-
Essay is the first paper which marks will be counted for mains merit. Essay paper carry 250 marks, you should try to earn as high as you can. Though there is no fixed syllabus for Essay paper as it covers almost all the subject which are related to us and our society.
Essay paper has two section where you will get 8 topics. You have to choose only one essay from each section. Each essay will carry 125 marks which total is 250.
It is always suggested that you should choose essay smartly so that you can score high marks. Selection of essay in mains can be based on your knowledge of the topic, relevance of that topics with current affairs etc.
Spend some time in selection before jumping into writing, try to gather information( data) as much as possible for all the topics and then decide which topic to choose.
Here are some of the subject where UPSC ask question most of the time. So we can prepare these subject well in advance. Lets have a look on the topics which can be predicted based on the previous years question papers.
|World history||Environment||Medieval History|
|Administration||Latest events||Great Leader|
|Women Empowerment||Women Education||World Events|
|Sports||Art & Culture||Ancient History|
Download Essay paper-Download
UPSC Indian Language Paper Syllabus-
Indian language paper is to test the basic knowledge and understanding of Indian language. This paper is of qualifying in nature, its marks will not be counted for mains merit list.
This paper contains 300 marks , where you have to score minimum passing marks to clear it.
the Syllabus of this paper is not so big, you can prepare this paper in a month if you have some background knowledge of the language.
Here is the mains topics which an Indian language paper would cover in the mains exam.
- Comprehension of given passages.
- Precis Writing
- Usage and Vocabulary.
- Short Essay
- Translation from English to the Indian language and vice‐versa.
Here are the list of 22 Indian Language which can be opted for UPSC mains exam. You are free to choose any one of them as your Indian language subject.
List Of Indian Language Papers-
UPSC Syllabus For English paper-
The English language paper for mains exam is equivalent to 10th class level, all the questions asked in this paper are to test the basic English language knowledge.
You can clear this paper even without studying, if you have good knowledge of metric level.
To clear this paper, you just need to score minimum qualifying marks. The marks obtained in this paper will not be counted for mains exam.
Here is the pattern of English Language paper for mains exam in details-
- Comprehension of given passages
- Precis Writing
- Usage and Vocabulary
- Short Essay.
UPSC General Studies -(I) Syllabus-
General studies paper has included subject Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World. You should prepare GS -I paper based in the syllabus to score high marks in the mains exam.
|General Studies -I||250||3 Hour|
General Studies Paper can consists around 20 Question which are in subjective in nature. You have to answer most of the questions as per the instruction given in the paper.
|Indian Heritage and Culture,||Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.|
|Modern History||Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues .
The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributor/contributions from different parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
|World History||Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.|
|Indian Society||Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
Effects of globalization on Indian society
Social empowerment, communal-ism, regionalism & secularism.
|Geography||Salient features of world’s physical geography. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of theworld (including India)
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
UPSC Books for General Studies Paper Click Here.
UPSC General Studies -(II) Syllabus-
General Studies Paper (II) covers subject Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations. This paper also carry 250 marks.
|General Studies Paper (II)||250||3 Hour|
You can read multiple books for this paper because single book will not able cover in details. Lets us talk about the Syllabus of general studies paper (II).
|Polity||Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
|Social Justice||Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, and Human Resources.
Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
Role of civil services in a democracy.
|International relation||India and its neighborhood- relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.
Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
How To Approach General Studies Paper (II)-
- First of all read all the topics which are given by upsc in the syllabus, read them multiple times till you able to memorize the all.
- Arrange the best set of books for this paper .I have made a complete list of UPSC books based on upsc syllabus, you can check-out here.
- Try to read syllabus content only than reading so many things, then only you will get time to revise your syllabus.
- Revision is must in upsc exam, IAS toppers suggest that real less and revise more to get high marks in the exam.
- The best way of preparation mains is making notes, notes are very handy in main exam. if you make notes well in advance, it will save your valuable time.
- I have read an article on Importance of notes in upsc exam , it may help you.
UPSC General Stududies Paper (II)- Download
UPSC General Studies (III) Syllabus-
General Studies paper(II) covers subjects Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
|General Studies Pape (III)||250||3 Hour|
Let us have a look on the sylabus of general Studies paper (II) in details. The syllabus is based on the UPSC official notification.
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.Government Budgeting
|Bio-Diversity||Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
|Economy|| Land reforms in India. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
|Science & Technology||Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
|Disaster Management||Disaster and disaster management.Linkages between development and spread of extremism.Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
How To Approach General Studies (III)-
- General Studies paper (III) has topics which cover topics like Economy, technology. disaster management. All these Subject can be covered from books & online study material.
- There are some website like-NRDM are useful for Disaster management related topics.
- Magazine like Science reporter are useful in covering science & technology related topics.
- Topics like land reform can be prepared from Constitution of India( Polity Books ) In much easy way.
- The science Edition is also useful in science & technology related topics.
Download General Studies Paper (III) Syllabus- Syllabus (PDF)
Download General Studies Paper (III)- Question Paper
Get All the required books for General Studies Paper (III)- Click Here
UPSC Syllabus General Studies Paper (IV)-
Syllabus for general studies paper IV is well explained by UPSC and it is called ethics paper.
This paper is little different from rest of paper in mains exam. This paper covers topics like Ethics, attitude,Emotional Intelligence,
moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. etc.
|General Studies Paper (IV)||250||3 hour|
Like other general Studies paper, this paper is also carry 250 marks which you have to solve in 3 hours. The best way of preparing this paper is practicing more more and more question of ethics.
Lets have a look on the content of the General Studies Paper (IV) In details-
|Aptitude||Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
|Ethics||Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.|
|Imotional Intelligence||Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.|
Probity in Governance
|Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.Case Studies on above issues.|
Read books for General Studies Paper (IV)- Download
General Studies Paper(IV) Syllabus- Download
Download Sample of General Studies Paper(IV)- Download
Download Syllabus For Mains Optional Paper-
In Latest UPSC exam pattern, we can choose only one optional subject for mains exam. Optional subject has two paper which carry equal marks of 250 each. So the total of optional subject is 500 marks.
Optional subject gives you opportunity to choose subject of your choice. So you can choose subject based on your own choice. Here I have guide on how one should choose optional subject for mains exam.
- Selection should be based on your academic background. It is always advisable to choose only those subject in which you has done your degree because you will be aware of most of the content of that paper.
- Your interest in the subject and syllabus is also important while selecting optional subject. There are subject which has very less syllabus comparing to other.
- Less syllabus is helpful in revision.
- The availability of study material in the market: Online & Offline. Don’t choose a subject with insufficient study material.
- If you are planning to opt for coaching then consider coaching facility available in your area.
- The past performance of the subject in UPSC Mains exam: For example – There are subject like Public administration, history. These subject are taken by large masses because the overall marks given in these subjects are high.
Commerce and Accountancy
Frequently Asked question in UPSC Exam, Lets Clear the doubts-
All the questions and Answers are courtesy of UPSC.GOV.In Official Website of Union Public Service Commission.
Q 1How to apply for Examinations conducted by UPSC?
Answer ‐ Candidates can apply online for UPSC conducted Examinations by
accessing the online portal hosted on the UPSC’s website
Q 2. How much time is given to the candidates for applying online? Answer ‐ A candidate gets 3 weeks to 1 month’s time to apply online and can fill up the online application by following the instructions provided on the website for filling up online applications
Q 3 What happens if a candidate submits multiple online applications?
Answer ‐ While a candidate should avoid submitting more than one online application, in case of doing so, the data provided in the last application that is successfully submitted online is accepted by the Commission. All previous applications are ignored.
Q 4. When should I apply if I choose to pay by Bank Challan?
Answer ‐ The closing date of submission of online application is clearly mentioned in the Examination Notice. Candidates, who make payments through Bank Challan, are required to submit online application at least a day before the notified closing date so that they can generate the Bank Challan to be submitted in any Branch of SBI throughout India. Facility of Challan generation will be deactivated on the last day of online application automatically by the system. However, Candidates can submit Bank Challan on the last day in SBI. Bank Challan generation is in Part‐II of Online Application.
Q 5 What is meant by ‘fictitious payment’?
Answer ‐ Those payments mentioned by the candidates in their online application, which are not authenticated by the State Bank of India, i.e. the designated bank managing the entire payment module (including managing the payment gateway), are called fictitious payments.
Q 6. What precautions must be taken by candidates for claiming community reservation or reservation for PH?
Answer ‐ Candidates seeking reservation/ relaxation benefits available for Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes/ Other Backward Classes/Physically Handicapped/Ex‐servicemen must ensure that they are entitled to such reservation/ relaxation in accordance with the eligibility prescribed in the Rules/Notice. They should also be in possession of all the requisite certificates in the prescribed format in support of their claims for availing reservation before applying for the examination, and in any case, not later than the closing date for receipt of applications for the examination.
Q 7. Can a candidate change his/her Community Status?
Answer ‐ A candidate is eligible to get the benefit of community reservation if his/her caste/tribe is included in the reserved community as may be determined by the Central Government. The Commission does not entertain a request for change of community from unreserved to reserved category once the examination process is initiated. However, in some exceptional cases where a particular caste/tribe is included in the list of reserved community within 2‐3 months from the date of submission of application, the Commission may consider a request of change of community as a special case. In case of a candidate unfortunately becoming physically disabled during the course of the examination process, the candidate should produce valid document showing him acquiring a disability to the extent of 40% or more as mentioned in the relevant rules to enable him to get the benefits of PH reservation.
Q 8. When are the e‐Admit Cards issued?
Answer ‐ The eligible candidates shall be issued an e‐Admit Card around three weeks to four weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e‐Admit Card will be made available on the UPSC website [www.upsc.gov.in] for downloading by candidates. e‐Admit Card will not be sent by post. If a candidate is not issued his/her e‐Admit Card or does not receive any other communication regarding his/her candidature for the examination around three weeks before the commencement of the examination, he/she should immediately contact the Commission. Information in this regard can also be obtained from the Facilitation Counter located in the Commission’s Office either in person or over phone Nos. 011‐23381125/011‐ 23385271/011‐23098543
Q 9. What are the precautions to be taken while uploading candidates’ photographs and signatures?
Answer ‐ Before filling up the Online Application, a candidate must have his/her photograph and signature duly scanned in the “JPG” format in such a manner that each file should not exceed 40 KB and must not be less than 3 KB in size for the photograph and 1 KB for the signature. The photograph and signature must be clearly discernable. Samples of acceptable photograph and signature are displayed in the application module. Candidates should take due care while uploading their photograph since no changes are allowed once the photograph is uploaded and online application is submitted. Uploading of photograph/signature is the sole responsibility of the candidate and in case a wrong photograph/signature is uploaded, his/her candidature is liable to be cancelled for false identity.
Q 10. What is meant by Part I and Part II of the Application Form?
Answer ‐ Online Application Form consists of two parts i.e. Part I and Part II. Part I of the Application has personal details like name, father’s name, date of birth, address, educational qualification, age relaxation, scribe details (only for Persons with Disabilities candidates opting for scribe) and preferences of particular exam, etc. Part II of the Application consists of payment option for examination fee (only for those who are not exempted from payment of fee), centre of Examination along with uploading of photo/signature of the Candidate. Candidate has to complete both the Part I and Part II to be a Candidate of the said Examination