UPSC syllabus is the most important factor in UPSC Exam preparation and you must know the complete UPSC syllabus for UPSC exam before you start Exam preparation.
Preparing UPSC exam by knowing complete UPSC syllabus is the best way of preparing it otherwise your UPSC preparation can be directionless.
It has been found that large number of aspirants fail in UPSC exams just because they do not pay enough attention to UPSC syllabus and start reading random books.
In this article you will know the complete UPSC syllabus for all the UPSC exam paper , prelims paper, mains papers, optional papers in details.
Aspirants have to work hard to write down the complete UPSC syllabus so we have uploaded UPSC Syllabus PDF Files to make your task more easy and save your valuable time.
We have provided UPSC Syllabus PDF links to download it so that you can easily download it and get a print out for daily revision.
UPSC Exam Syllabus-
UPSC exam is conducted by UPSC ( union public service commission ) every year in three stages prelims, mains and interview.
- UPSC prelims exam consists of two paper – General Studies and CSAT.
- Prelims paper 01 General Studies marks are counted for prelims merit list to qualify for UPSC Mains Exam.
- Where Prelims paper-02 CSAT is just for qualifying nature in prelims and its marks are not counted for prelims merit list.
- To qualify in CSAT prelims paper-02 , you have to score minimum 33 % marks . ( these marks are not counted for prelims cut-off merit ).
- UPSC Prelims papers will be objective types where 4 similar answers are given and you have to choose one right answer for each question.
Negative marking will be applied for every wrong answer attempted by you in the both paper of UPSC prelims exam.The negative penalty will be 1/3 marks for each wrong answer.
So it is advised to practice previous year question paper well before you appear for the actual exam.You can give mock test for UPSC prelims exam which high recommended for high success rate.
UPSC Prelims Syllabus – Paper 01
Time|| 2 Hours || Questions-100|| Max marks-200|| Counted For Prelims Merit Cut-off.
- Current events of national and international importance.
- History of India and Indian National Movement.
- Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
- Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
- Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
- General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
- General Science
UPSC Prelims Syllabus- Paper-02
Time-2 Hour|| Marks-200|| Questions-80|| Only Qualifying Nature||
- Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
- Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
- Decision-making and problem-solving.
- General mental ability.
- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.
UPSC Syllabus For Mains-
UPSC mains is the next step after UPSC Prelims exam, aspirants who are passed UPSC prelims exam are allowed to write UPSC mains exam which start after 4 months from prelims exam.
- In UPSC Prelims exam ,more than 5 lakh aspirants appear and 12000 aspirants are qualified for UPSC mains only
- UPSC Mains exam consists of 9 papers where 2 language papers are of qualifying nature and rest 7 paper marks are counted for final merit including Interview marks.
- UPSC Mains exam is subjective type where you have to write answer in long paragraph format in given word limit where UPSC prelims exam was objective types in nature with negative marking.
Compulsory English Language Paper.
In this paper UPSC test the basic english knowledge of the aspirants, the questions in this paper are of 10 the level. You have to score minimum qualifying marks in this paper, its marks are not counted for final merit. The content or syllabus of this paper is given below..
- Precis Writing
- Usage and Vocabulary
Compulsory Indian Language Paper.
You can choose any indian language mentioned in the eighth schedule of the constitution. There are 22 official indian language and you are free to choose any one of these language.
- Precis Writing
- Usage and Vocabulary.
- Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.
UPSC Syllabus Essay Paper-
The Syllabus for essay paper is includes everything from history. science, politics, economy, international topics, security issues etc.
- You have to write essay in two topics where more option will be given in the essay paper. You can choose topics based on your comforts level.
- The better and to the point your write essay , higher marks can be scored in this paper. It is advised to read a book on essay where more than 150 burning topics are covered for UPSC exam. You can get this book from here.
UPSC Syllabus General Studies-01
General Studies Paper -1 Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society. Link-Download
- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
- The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributor/contributions from different parts of the country.
- Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
- History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
- Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
- Effects of globalization on Indian society
- Social empowerment, communal ism, regionalism & secularism.
- Salient features of world’s physical geography.
- Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
- Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
UPSC Syllabus General Studies-02
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
- Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
- Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
- Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
- Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, and Human Resources.
- Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
- Role of civil services in a democracy.
- India and its neighborhood- relations.
- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.
- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
UPSC Syllabus General Studies-03
Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
- Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
- Government Budgeting.
- Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
- Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
- Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
- Land reforms in India.
- Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
- Investment models.
- Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
- Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
- Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
- Disaster and disaster management.
- Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
- Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
- Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
- Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
Want To Know The Books For GS-03- Click Here
UPSC Syllabus General Studies Paper- 4
- Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
- Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
- Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
- Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
- Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
- Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
- Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
- Case Studies on above issues.
Want To Know The Books For GS-04- Click Here
UPSC Syllabus Interview-
Interview is the last stage of the UPSC exam process which comprises of 275 marks. There is no defined syllabus for IAS Interview but you can expect some basic area where most of the questions can be found.
You should prepare your bio data related questions in details, your home city related question, your father profession, family background etc.UPSC test your personality in the interview so prepare all the relation area well in advance. You should also focus on these points.
- Current burning national & international issue.
- Your background, profession, family related question.
- Long unresolved issues which are national & international importance.
- Latest Policy overview of different sectors.
- Indian economic issue. ( growth, development ).
- There will be some unexpected questions always which answer will be very difficult so don not worry about them, it happens to all. Say sorry if do not know them.
- Be confident, true while in the interview session ,over-smartness can be judged easily because they are doing same thing for years and you can not make them fool.
Importance Of UPSC Syllabus-
Knowing syllabus of any exam is the very first step to start preparation. The importance of upsc syllabus in ias exam is huge because, your success and failure depends on how smartly you prepare it and write in the exam.
Many students fail to get complete view of upsc syllabus in details so they lose some part of upsc syllabus and end up prepare incomplete syllabus.
UPSC Syllabus For Optional Subjects-
There are 26 optional subject in UPSC exam and some of them are covered here in this post and rest subject syllabus will be available in the given links.
- The UPSC Syllabus is based on UPSC official Website/notification published well in advance. You can get hold of a hard copy of this syllabus or note down from here.
- The selection of the subject are based on the popularity of the subject taken for optional in UPSC exam.Plz download the PDF where every optional subject syllabus is given in details. Download
- Also learn how to select optional subject for upsc exam.
1-UPSC Syllabus History-
History is one of the favorite optional subject for large number of UPSC aspirants specially for art background students. The success rate of history optional in UPSC exam is alo very good.
UPSC has defined its syllabus for all the optional subject and history is one of them.If you want select History as optional subject , we have written a complete article on UPSC syllabus history optional to cover all the topics of history subject. Read more about History Syllabus
2-UPSC Syllabus Geography-
Geography is one of the most loved subject for upsc optional paper and more and more aspirants are selecting geography as optional.There are people from arts & science background who are choosing it as optional due to various reasons and some of the common reasons are mentioned below-
- Geography subject is scientific in nature so many science background aspirants love to read it, because it is much easy than maths or physics subject for them.
- The track record of geography subject in upsc exam is good, if you write good answer, you also get good marks in exam.
- It is said to be scoring subject in UPSC exam, aspirants has scored more than 70% marks in geography optional subjects.
- Geography syllabus covers other paper syllabus too, so you can prepare other papers just by reading one books.
3-UPSC Syllabus For Political Science & International Subject.
Political science is one of the loved subject for UPSC Mains optional subject by many arts & science graduates so today I will explain every keywords of the UPSC Syllabus For Political Science & international Relation in this article. The choice of selection political science subject as an optional can be based on the interest of the aspirants, educational background, and others .Click To Read More-Continue Here
4-UPSC Syllabus For History-
History syllabus is one of the most loved syllabus by Arts aspirans as well science graduates. History subject has its own benefits in UPSC exam. History optional syllabus is well defined by UPSC in its official notification so I have explained all the topics in this article . Read more about UPSC History Syllabus.
5-UPSC Syllabus For Public Administration-
Public administration is another most chosen subject for UPSC Optional subject. It has many benefits over other subject which makes it one of the faviroit optional subject for science graduates in UPSC exam. Public administration has limited syllabus which helps to revise it easily.
Public administration subject is all about government , its functioning, administration so it also helps aspirants to be familiar well in advance about the career of civil services. Read more about Public administration subject in details.
6-UPSC Syllabus For Economics –
UPSC Economics Syllabus for Optional Paper is well explained in this article , you can note down the content of the upsc economics syllabus or download PDF file. Economics is one of the most loved optional subject for UPSC mains exam specially for commerce aspirants.
Click here to read the complete article for UPSC economic syllabus in PDF Format-Click Here
7-UPSC Syllabus For Mathematics-
UPSC Syllabus for mathematics is widely choose for optional subject in upsc mains exam. Mathematics is very useful optional subject to score high if prepared well. The marks in the mathematics can not be deducted if you write proper solution so who are good at maths can score very good marks.
Click here to download UPSC syllabus for mathematics optional.
8-UPSC Syllabus For Sociology-
Sociology is one of the most liked subject as optional in upsc mains exam. Sociology deals with our day to day problems, social issues so most of the topics of sociology subject are familiar to us. This makes sociology subject little easy to understand .
Large number of student opt sociology subject as optional for ias mains exam because of the limited syllabus and interesting topics. The Marks trends of sociology paper is also good so if you are looking for a subject which can be prepared easily in less time this is for you.
Useful links for UPSC EXAM SYLLABUS-