UPSC Economics Syllabus for Optional Paper is well explained in this article , you can note down the content of the upsc economics syllabus or download PDF file. Economics is one of the most loved optional subject for UPSC mains exam specially for commerce aspirants.
There are many aspirants who have done MBA and prepare for UPSC exam, commerce is the first choice for them in UPSC mains. There are some key benefits of having commerce optional for Mains exam.
- If you have a commerce background, you know most of the basic concept much clear than a new aspirants from different educational background.
- Economics can be taken as optional by science graduates because many topics are related to science & maths.
- Sufficient study material is available online / Offline for economics subject so you need not to worry about study material.
- This is scoring subject so you can score high marks if worked hard and read right kind of UPSC BOOKS.
- If you are interested in economic activities,concepts and it excites you then go for it as optional subject.
- The upsc economic syllabus for optional is not so large , you can easily revise it many times after reading thoroughly.
Read Best UPSC Books for UPSC Economics Syllabus to score high marks- Click Here (ECONOMIC BOOKS).
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Now let’s have the content of UPSC economics syllabus for UPSC mains exam in details , the PDF file is also attached in this article for later revision or printout purposes.
UPSC Economics Syllabus Optional Paper-01
(a) Marshallian and Walrasiam Approaches to Price determination.
(b) Alternative Distribution Theories: Ricardo, Kaldor, Kaleeki
(c) Markets Structure: Monopolistic Competition, Duopoly, Oligopoly.
(d) Modern Welfare Criteria: Pareto Hicks & Scitovsky, Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem, A.K. Sen’s Social Welfare Function.
Approaches to Employment Income and Interest Rate determination:Classical, Keynes (IS-LM) curve, Neo classical synthesis and New classical, Theories of Interest Rate Determination and Interest Rate Structure.
Money – Banking and Finance:
(a) Demand for and Supply of Money: Money Multiplier Quantity Theory of Money (Fisher, Pique and Friedman) and Keynes Theory on Demand for Money, Goals and Instruments of Monetary Management in Closed and Open Economies. Relation between the Central Bank and the Treasury.Proposal for ceiling on growth rate of money.
(b) Public Finance and its Role in Market Economy: In stabilization of supply, allocation of resources and in distribution and development. Sources of Govt. revenue, forms of Taxes and Subsidies, their incidence and effects. Limits to taxation, loans, crowding- out effects and limits to borrowings. Public Expenditure and its effects.
(a) Old and New Theories of International Trade
- Comparative Advantage
- Terms of Trade and Offer Curve.
- Product Cycle and Strategic Trade Theories.
- Trade as an engine of growth and theories of under development in an open economy.
(b) Forms of Protection: Tariff and quota
(c) Balance of Payments Adjustments: Alternative Approaches.
- Price versus income, income adjustments under fixed exchange rates,
- Theories of Policy Mix
- Exchange rate adjustments under capital mobility
- Floating Rates and their Implications for Developing Countries: Currency Boards.
- Trade Policy and Developing Countries.
- BOP, adjustments and Policy Coordination in open economy macro-model.
- Speculative Attacks
- Trade Blocks and Monetary Unions.
- WTO: TRIMS, TRIPS, Domestic Measures, Different Rounds of WTO talks.
5. Growth and Development:
- Theories of growth: Harrod’s model,
- Lewis model of development with surplus labour
- Balanced and Unbalanced growth,
- Human Capital and Economic Growth.
- Research and Development and Economic Growth
(b) Process of Economic Development of Less developed countries: Myrdal and Kuznets economic development and structural change: Role of Agriculture in Economic Development of less developed countries.Economic development and International Trade and Investment, Role of Multinationals.
(d) Planning and Economic Development: changing role of Markets and Planning, Private Public Partnership
(e) Welfare indicators and measures of growth – Human Development Indices. The basic needs approach.
(f) Development and Environmental Sustainability – Renewable and Non Renewable Resources,Environmental Degradation, Intergenerational equity development.
UPSC Economics Syllabus Optional Paper-02
Indian Economy in Pre Independence Era: Land System and its changes, Commercialization of agriculture, Drain theory, Laissez faire theory and critique. Manufacture and Transport: Jute, Cotton,Railways, Money and Credit.
Indian Economy after Independence:
- The Pre Liberalization Era: Contribution of Vakil, Gadgil and V.K.R.V. Rao.
- Agriculture: Land Reforms and land tenure system, Green Revolution and capital formation in agriculture,Industry Trends in composition and growth, Role of public and private sector, Small scale and cottage industries.
- National and Per capita income: patterns, trends, aggregate and Sectoral composition and changes their.Broad factors determining National Income and distribution, Measures of poverty, Trends in poverty and inequality.
- The Post Liberalization Era: New Economic Reform and Agriculture: Agriculture and WTO, Food processing, Subsidies,Agricultural prices and public distribution system, Impact of public expenditure on agricultural growth.
- New Economic Policy and Industry: Strategy of industrialization, Privatization, Disinvestments, Role Of foreign direct investment and multinationals.
- New Economic Policy and Trade: Intellectual property rights: Implications of TRIPS, TRIMS, GATS and new EXIM policy.
- Planning: From central Planning to indicative planning, Relation between planning and markets for growth and decentralized planning: 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments.
- New Economic Policy and Employment: Employment and poverty, Rural wages, Employment Generation, Poverty alleviation schemes, New Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
- New Exchange Rate Regime: Partial and full convertibility, Capital account convertibility.
- New Economic Policy and Public Finance: Fiscal Responsibility Act, Twelfth Finance Commission and Fiscal Federalism and Fiscal Consolidation.New Economic Policy and Monetary system. Role of RBI under the new regime.
Link For UPSC economics Syllabus Optional Paper-01 & 02- Download Now