Sociology is one of the most liked subject as optional in upsc mains exam. Sociology deals with our day to day problems, social issues so most of the topics of sociology subject are familiar to us. This makes sociology subject little easy to understand .
Large number of student opt sociology subject as optional for ias mains exam because of the limited syllabus and interesting topics. The Marks trends of sociology paper is also good so if you are looking for a subject which can be prepared easily in less time this is for you.
Sociology Syllabus Paper – I : Fundamentals of Sociology
Sociology – The Discipline:
- Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.
- Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
- Sociology and common sense.
Sociology as Science:
- Fact value and objectivity.
- Non- positivist methodologies.
- Science, scientific method and critique
- Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
- Positivism and its critique.
Research Methods and Analysis
- Qualitative and quantitative methods.
- Techniques of data collection.
- Sampling, hypothesis, reliability ,Variables, and validity.
- Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
- Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups
Mead – Self and identity.
- Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
- Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society
- Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
Stratification and Mobility:
- Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation
- Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.
- Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
Works and Economic Life:
- Formal and informal organization of work
- Labour and society. Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal
- society, industrial ,capitalist society.
Politics and Society:
- Sociological theories of power
- Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
- Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
- Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
Religion and Society:
- Sociological theories of religion.
- Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
- Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.
Systems of Kinship:
- Lineage and descent
- Patriarchy and sexual division of labour
- Contemporary trends.
- Family, household, marriage.
- Types and forms of family.
Social Change in Modern Society:
- Sociological theories of social change.
- Agents of social change.
- Education and social change.
- Science, technology and social change.
- Development and dependency.
Sociology Syllabus Paper – II: Indian Society: Structure and Change.
Following topics are covered under sociology paper 2. These topics can be covered easily with the books mentioned in the last in this article.
Introducing Indian Society:
- Perspectives on the study of Indian society:
- Indology (GS. Ghurye).
- Marxist sociology ( A R Desai).
- Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :
- Social background of Indian nationalism.
- Modernization of Indian tradition.
- Protests and movements during the colonial period
- Social reforms
- Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).
- Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
- The idea of Indian village and village studies-
- Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
- Caste System:
- Features of caste syste
- Untouchability – forms and perspectives
- Tribal communities in India
- Definitional problems.
- Geographical spread.
- Colonial policies and tribes.
- Religious communities in India
- Problems of religious minorities.
- Issues of integration and autonomy.
- Social Classes in India:
- Agrarian class structure.
- Industrial class structur
- Middle classes in India.
- Systems of Kinship in India:
- Lineage and descent in India.
- Types of kinship systems.
- Family and marriage in India.
- Household dimensions of the family
- Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.
- Religion and Society:
- Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
Social Changes in India:
- Visions of Social Change in India:
- Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
- Constitution, law and social change.
- Education and social change.
- Rural and Agrarian transformation in India
- Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
- Nation, democracy and citizenship.
- Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite
- Regionalism and decentralization of power.
- Green revolution and social change.
- Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .
- Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
- Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
- Evolution of modern industry in India.
- Growth of urban settlements in India
- Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
- Informal sector, child labour
- Slums and deprivation in urban areas.
- Politics and Society:
- Social Movements in Modern India
- Peasants and farmers movements.
- Women’s movement.
- Backward classes & Dalit movement.
- Environmental moveme
- Ethnicity and Identity moveme
- Population Dynamic
- Population size, growth, composition and distribute
- Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
- Population policy and family planning.
- Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.
- Challenges of Social Transformation:
- Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.
- Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
- Violence against women.
- Caste conflicts
- Ethnic conflicts, communism, religious revivalism.
- Illiteracy and disparities in education.
Sociology Books Paper -02